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Caladiums are tropical foliage plants that provide a splash of color in summer flower beds. They grow well in shaded areas, containers, hanging baskets, and as borders. Tropical plants that are native to Brazil, Caladiums are easy to grow in a warm, shady, humid environment. They can grow to a full height of 12" to 30" in one season! You can add drama to any landscape with the addition of caladiums. Their brightly-colored leaves in shades of red, pink, white and green are perfect in a grouping or as an accent for other plants.
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Photo by: Proven Winners. With lush multicolored leaves, many larger than the palm of your hand, caladiums have become one of the most popular foliage plants for shady or semi-shady gardens—with many recent introductions being sun tolerant. Each leaf seems to be hand painted with striking combinations of green, white, pink, and red.
Although these tropical South American natives thrive in hot, humid weather, they can be grown as summer bulbs in more temperate climates, or even as houseplants given the right conditions. With a little pampering, these exotic shade dwellers create a glorious display rivaling that of any flowering plant. Caladium, angel wings, and elephant ears a name shared by several different species of large-leaf tropical plants.
All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested. Keep out of reach of pets and children. Sap from the leaves or stems can also cause minor skin irritation. In late spring, you can buy potted caladiums at local nurseries or grow them yourself from tubers. Tubers generally come in three sizes: medium No.
Larger tubers typically produce more leaves and reach maturity faster, which is an asset if you have a short growing season. Filtered sun or shade, with the exception of newer varieties that can tolerate more sunlight. The leaf colors are often more vibrant when grown in shade. Because of the large leaves, locate plants in a spot sheltered from strong winds to avoid damage. Because caladiums are natives of the tropics, they crave heat and will only flourish in warm air and soil temperatures.
Depending on your growing zone, this can be as early as mid-March zones or as late as mid-June zonesIn northern areas of the country, caladiums often do best in containers because the soil warms up faster. Space plants about 8 to 12 inches apart, based on their size at maturity.
In cooler climates, you can start tubers indoors in early spring, using methods similar to those recommended for tuberous begonias. If planting potted caladiums, acclimate them to outdoor conditions before putting them in the ground. Provide enough moisture throughout the growing season to keep the soil evenly moist. If you allow the soil to dry out, the leaves may yellow and drop. Apply a layer of mulch around your plants to help retain moisture. Liquid fertilizer may also be used.
In warmer climates Zone 9 or higher , tubers will go dormant and the foliage will die back. Simply cut the leaves to the ground and leave the tubers in the ground. In colder climates Zone 8 or below , you must dig them up in the fall before frost if you want to replant them the following spring.
Divide tubers in spring after bringing them out of winter storage. Allow the cut pieces to dry for a day before planting. This is the perfect houseplant for warm rooms with sauna-like conditions, such as bathrooms, sun rooms, and solariums. Avoid exposing to drafts and temperature fluctuations. When summer arrives, you can move your pots outdoors to a shady porch or patio.
Provide at least 4 hours of filtered sunlight from a bright south, east, or west window. Too much sun exposure can cause scorched leaves. Keep the soil evenly moist, but allow it to dry out when the leaves start to die back in fall. Even indoors, caladiums will enter a seasonal dormancy period. You can resume watering when new growth starts. Grow in a high-moisture environment or use a humidifier to increase moisture levels. Frequent misting can also help boost humidity.
An award-winning strap-leaf form with elegant white foliage outlined with green edges. Makes an excellent border plant in the landscape. Vivid red strap-leaves are adorned with pink and white speckles and a bright green margin. Makes an excellent border plant in the landscape or houseplant. Moderately frilly, deep-pink leaves have green edges and white veining. Another strap-leaf variety, that brings a big punch of color and contrast to sunny or shady beds, borders, and baskets.
A fancy-leaf form with red and green foliage set off by bright white veining. A true drama queen, flaunting large white leaves and bright red veins that bleed to dark pink, creating a unique smudged effect. Looks striking when planted alongside annual impatiens with red or pink flowers. Like its namesake, this dainty dwarf caladium is small in stature but full of charm, with lime green leaves adorned by burgundy speckles and creamy white accents.
Great in containers combined with the greenish-yellow foliage of Goldilocks Creeping Jenny or as an underplanting to taller caladium varieties. Delicate green veins are understated against the creamy white leaves. Bred especially for use in small containers, can also be used in the garden in contrast with the vibrant colors of wax begonias.
Plant as a groundcover, border, accent planting, or in containers, especially in shady areas of the garden that need an infusion of color. The oversized leaves capture attention even from a distance. They are ideal plants to tuck into dark corners or to use as a dramatic backdrop for other shade-loving plants, such as impatiens , begonias , and hostas. See more popular outdoor foliage plants.
As an alternative to growing caladiums in pots indoors, leaf cuttings taken from the garden will last as long as two to three weeks in a vase or floral arrangement. Classic Caladiums, located in Avon Park, FL, the main source of recent introductions, holds an annual open house in early September, with display gardens and production field tours.
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Caladium x hortulanum Common names: Caladium, angel wings, and elephant ears a name shared by several different species of large-leaf tropical plants Plant type: Tuberous tropical perennial Zones: Perennial in zones ; can be grown as an annual or houseplant elsewhere. Height: 18 to 24 inches; dwarf forms under 12" are also available. Season of interest: From June until frost.
Leaf types: Caladiums are divided into two main leaf types: Fancy-leaf caladiums generally have large heart-shaped leaves, sometimes growing to more than a foot long. Strap-leaf varieties typically have narrower arrow- or lance-shaped foliage. Plants are more compact and a bit more cold tolerant.
Toxicity: All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested. Where to plant: Filtered sun or shade, with the exception of newer varieties that can tolerate more sunlight. Soil: Plant in a moist, rich, well-drained soil amended by compost or other organic matter.
When to plant: Because caladiums are natives of the tropics, they crave heat and will only flourish in warm air and soil temperatures. Overwintering: In warmer climates Zone 9 or higher , tubers will go dormant and the foliage will die back. Propagation: Divide tubers in spring after bringing them out of winter storage. Light: Provide at least 4 hours of filtered sunlight from a bright south, east, or west window. Water requirements: Keep the soil evenly moist, but allow it to dry out when the leaves start to die back in fall.
Good companions: Looks striking when planted alongside annual impatiens with red or pink flowers. Good companions: Great in containers combined with the greenish-yellow foliage of Goldilocks Creeping Jenny or as an underplanting to taller caladium varieties. Good companions: Bred especially for use in small containers, can also be used in the garden in contrast with the vibrant colors of wax begonias.
In cut flower arrangements: As an alternative to growing caladiums in pots indoors, leaf cuttings taken from the garden will last as long as two to three weeks in a vase or floral arrangement. I give my consent to be emailed I give my consent for my email activity to be tracked.
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When grown indoors, they do best with lots of heat, bright but indirect light , and plenty of humidity. Even under the best conditions, caladium foliage lasts only a few months before the leaves start to die back and the plant goes dormant again, which is normal. Caladium thrives indoors in indirect light, making this South American native a spectacular tropical accent for your home. You can expect the showy season to last for 6 months or longer. Caladiums thrive in warm, moist conditions. Give them bright, indirect light and humidity.
Water thoroughly after applying fertilizer. Plant in full to partial shade with the eyes on the bulb facing up. of fertilizer per.
Early spring can test your patience, but don't jump the gun on planting summer plants like caladiums. To avoid the pitfalls, we offer a few tips to start your tubers indoors. I t's difficult to be patient in spring. Days are balmy and bright, and early flowers are popping into bloom. It's tempting to hurry summer along and begin planting warm-weather plants such as caladiums. But soil temperatures are still surprisingly cool, and these tropical natives prefer a cozier environment. Planted too soon, caladiums will sit dormant in the damp, cold garden and may rot. Tucked under only a few inches of soil, they easily become damaged or lost in early-spring's gardening frenzy.
Red Flash is one of the most eye-catching Caladiums, with its large leaves featuring red hearts bordered by green edges and sprinkled all over with bright white specks. This can be grown in any region indoors, but only can be started outdoors once nighttime temperatures are in the high 60s and above. Caladiums are tropical foliage plants that provide a splash of color in summer flower beds. They grow well in shaded areas, containers, hanging baskets, and as borders. Caladiums are easy to grow; they are tropical plants, native to Brazil.
Do you may have nostalgic memories of certain bulbs growing in your grandparent's or parent's home garden beds and pots? There are so many varieties, colors, shapes, and sizes!
Caladium bicolor Araceae Family Synonym: Caladium x hortulatum. Exotic and showy, Caladiums are grown for their colorful heart or arrow shaped leaves. The leaves are decorated with colorful shading, veins, margins, or markings. Flower color: inconspicuous Foliage color: variegated. Propagate by division or separation - Divide the tubers when planting out in the spring.
Caladiums are stunning plants that require a lot of light to keep those leaves vibrant and some seasonal care to look after their bulbs…. Welcome to our caladium plant care guide. The caladium is a real beauty and much loved by indoor and outdoor plant lovers alike. Those leaves though! They grow from tubers bulbs that go dormant in the winter when grown outside, although if kept warm inside can grow all year round.
Caladium Care Indoors – Growing Caladiums As Indoor Plants. With a few tips on how to care for Caladium indoors, you may be able to enjoy the attractive leaves.
By: HowStuffWorks. Caladiums have beautiful heart-shaped leaves that are pink, white or red on the inside and green around the edges. They also grow subtle white flowers.
Caladiums, commonly called Elephant's Ears, Angel's Wings or Heart of Jesus bear striking arrow-shaped, paper thin and beautifully marked leaves. The common colors are white, pink and red. This dazzling foliage only lasts a short time from late spring to early autumn. Thereafter it dies and the plant goes dormant which is a natural characteristic of this plant.
A Caladium plant or Elephant Ear plant as they are sometimes called, are bulb plants that are grown for their large, paper-thin, heart-shaped, colorful leaves that are often more spectacular than many flowers.
Read on to learn more about this showy shade-loving plant, including what it looks like, where and how to plant it, and how to make sure it will thrive. It should be noted that while the fancy leaf caladium is incredibly beautiful, it can also be dangerous. All parts of this plant — the bulb, the stems, and the leaves — are poisonous when ingested. Additionally, the leaves and stems do generate sap, which can cause skin irritations. Given the potential hazards, be sure to plant them in an area where children and pets will not be able to access them. Given the showiness and sometime delicate nature of these tropical plants, one might assume that fancy leaf caladium would be hard to grow.
If you live in the northern half of the U. Not so! The photo above was taken in a zone 6 garden in New Jersey, and we have customers from Pennsylvania to Iowa getting the same great results.